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Termite infestations in homes will often go undetected by homeowners for many years since it's difficult to distinguish evidence of action. Termites will hide in walls or in crawl spaces or in other inaccessible areas within a home. They're sneaky. They dont want to be found or even be outside in sunlight. .
Most termite species are native to North America. Formosan termites are the only species which has been transported to U.S. following World War II and are found primarily in California, Florida and along the Gulf Coast.
Termites have three body segments (head, thorax, and abdomen) which are joined widely, unlike those of ants. Species aside, termites are divided into the following broad groups:
Termite larvae are extremely small and white in color. The immatures are cared for by the other termites in the nest until they grow into a worker. Whether they become a reproductive or worker depends on the needs of the colony and will be determined during molting.
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Termites are identified in a few different ways. The main thing that people need to keep in mind is that many times to find evidence of activity you truly need to conduct a comprehensive termite inspection.
Termite droppings (Frass)A pile of stool pellets can be indicative of a termite infestation. The termite droppings often resemble sawdust, because the stool is comprised of the timber the termites consume.
SwarmersTermite swarms are the #1 way that most homeowners recognize that they have a termite infestation. These winged termites emerge from nests in huge groups. People might see these winged insects pop out and fly around in swarms near a property. Swarmers are looking to mate and get back to the soil.
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Mud tubesFor subterranean termites, you can identify activity by identifying mud tubes (also called foraging tubes) that termites use for transportation from soil to cellulose substance (AKA your home ). They'll build mud tubes whenever they'll be exposed to light and predators. This way they have a protected traveling way to get from Point A to Point B..
You can often find termites on foundation walls where there is an expansion seam where they can get in the structural lumber that is resting on the surface of the foundation (basement walls or crawl space walls). Sometimes you'll find termites in the corner of the joists and also the header boards in the substructure of a house.
Termite galleries and ruined woodAnother manner you can identify termite activity is to examine damaged timber for termite galleries. For those that are not trained, it can be challenging to do. Generally, subterranean termite galleries proceed with the grain of this wood. These galleries may often contain sand. Termites want to keep an optimal humidity/moisture level wherever theyre traveling because they desiccate relatively easily.
Termite galleries are generally found on the substructure of a house such as the basement or a crawlspace. If you examine the structures header board and floor joists that break upon the foundation wall, you might have the ability to identify the gallery. At the point in time, its highly recommended to call in a professional.
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Drywood termites are a little bit different. They dont originate from the ground. They really gallery outside and live in the wood theyre infesting and feeding on. In locations where drywoods are prevalent, you will often find them infesting attics, ceiling joists, roof rafters, on the wooden exteriors of houses, wood poles, wood groove boards, exposed rafter tails and other wooden constructions in and around a home.You will not find mud in drywood termite galleries but you will find mosquito pellets.
The pellets almost seem like heavy grain sand. The colour of drywood termite pellets can fluctuate depending on the type of wood they are infesting on. .
Depending on where you reside in the United States, the termite pressures confronted may be very different. In the United States, there are approximately 50 species of termites, only 20 of which are useful reference of concern for structures.Subterranean termites are the most common species of termites in many places in the U.S.
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In states like California and Florida, drywood termites are just as prevalent as subterranean termites. .
Termites consume cellulose substance. They'll feed on anything that contains cellulose. Most homes are constructed of conventional lumber that contain cellulose. Termites have also been known to feed on cardboard, paper, cotton tops or anything that contains cellulose as a food source.